Denmark has a CEC definition, but not yet a REC definition. This will come later in 2021 or in 2022. The CEC definition covers all relevant criteria in the EU Definition. The only thing missing is a statement of allowed objectives for CECs. In particular, the definition goes into some detail on how to avoid abuse or control from other companies or individual members. It will be necessary to see how this evolves along with the REC definition. Furthermore, the electricity law will soon be revised again, so it will be necessary to monitor for any additions to the definition.
Criteria of EU definition reflected in national definition
- Open and voluntary are covered
- Autonomy is dealt with
- CEC definition does not mention geographical proximity
- Does not mention size requirements for enterprises that are limited to exercising effective control, but there are other more strict controls (see below)
Level of detail in the elaboration of principles contained in EU criteria
- Energy communities can develop internal eligibility (enter and exit) criteria as long as they are not discriminatory
- Natural and legal persons engaged in extensive commercial activities and energy sector activities as a main economic activity, as well as individuals that are part of the management of other companies, are forbidden from taking decisions on behalf of the community
- Members engaged in extensive commercial activities and energy sector activities as a main economic activity, as well as individuals that are part of the management of other companies, are forbidden from exercising decisive influence in the community (autonomy)
Clearly defined purpose
ICA cooperative governance principles reflected
There is some implicit mention of open and voluntary participation, and for autonomy in the CEC definition. But there are no clear purpose for which the CEC is meant to operate towards.
Legal entities allowed
Can be an association, partnership, cooperative, or capital company.
Citizen participation is ensured
Designated authority to oversee
Yes, but nothing about checking compliance with definition.
Number of definitions
Coherency between both definitions