The REPowerEU plan aimed to mobilise close to EUR 300 billion for Member States to update their recovery and resilience plans, providing additional support for energy efficiency and renewable energy measures. The deadline of 31 August 2023 for Member States to request loans from the European Commission under the RRF has passed, with most Member States having submitted their revised plans, which include additional reforms and investments.

This briefing provides an overview of all the revised and submitted national recovery and resilience plans. In particular, it analyses whether and to what extent the measures foreseen facilitate the greater involvement of citizens in the energy transition. The analysis focuses on three criteria: 1) transparency and inclusivity during the drafting process, 2) support for fossil fuels, 3) conducive reforms and investments towards (collective) self-consumption and energy communities.