The REPowerEU plan aimed to mobilise close to EUR 300 billion for Member States to update their recovery and resilience plans, providing additional support for energy efficiency and renewable energy measures. The deadline of 31 August 2023 for Member States to request loans from the European Commission under the RRF has passed, with most Member States having submitted their revised plans, which include additional reforms and investments.

The political impetus behind increased measures for energy democracy is growing. In its official guidance on the drafting of the REPowerEU chapters, the Commission explicitly encourages the funding of energy communities as a means of tackling energy poverty. Similarly, the Commission’s Country Specific Recommendations, within the framework of the European Semester for 2023, call several Member States to increase their support for self-consumption and community energy projects. Energy communities are also mentioned several times in the revised Energy Efficiency, and Renewable Energy Directives.

The tracker, a collaborative project between CEE Bankwatch and, provides an overview of the revised and submitted national recovery and resilience plans of 23 Member States. In particular, it analyses whether and to what extent the measures foreseen facilitate the greater involvement of citizens in the energy transition. The analysis focuses on three criteria: 1) transparency and inclusivity during the drafting process, 2) potential support for fossil fuels, 3) conducive reforms and investments towards (collective) self-consumption and energy communities. We present the REPowerEU tracker as a separate tab to the Recovery and Resilience Plans tracker tab in order to provide enhanced clarity about the individual chapters of different Member States.

An accompanying policy briefing shares policy proposals on how public funds could be best utilised to keep promoting the community energy transition in Europe.

REpowerEU tracker
REpowerEU tracker - Updated in March 2024

Here is an explanation of the logic behind the colours:

  • No support to community energy, lack of transparency, potential support to fossil fuels
  • Some positive energy reforms, medium transparency, some/limited support to fossil fuels
  • Strong support for community energy, high transparency, no support to fossil fuels

We would like to thank the following national organisations for their important contributions to this tracker. DOOR (HR), Electra Energy (GR), Energie Samen (NL), Ziedine ekonomika (LT), Malta Cooperative Federation (MT), Friends of the Earth Malta (MT), ènostra (IT), Énergie Partagée (FR), Centre for Transport and Energy (CZ), Bankwatch Romania, MTVSZ-Friends of the Earth Hungary, CEPA-Friends of the Earth Slovakia, Green Liberty (Latvia), Estonian Green Movement, Polish Green Network, Eco Union (ES), and Climate Action Network - EU.

The tracker will be updated to cover all EU27, as well as to reflect any potential changes in the REPowerEU chapters of different Member States.

In case you have additional information on your countries' EU public funds implementation or you have comments/corrections on the existing information, please contact directly